Report : On The Humanitarian Situation South Kordofan and Blue Nile States, July 2012

Ministry of Welfare and Social Security,  Humanitarian Aid Commission

ort

On The Humanitarian Situation

South Kordofan and Blue Nile States

July 2012

            

  1. Executive  Summary :
  2. This report reflects the progress of the humanitarian situation in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states and the humanitarian interventions carried out by the government, national and international partners and local communities which have contributed in stabilizing the humanitarian situation in areas controlled by the government and beyond rebel groups.. 
  3. This report provides an overview of the humanitarian situation in South Kordofan  and Blue Nile Statesand it gives general information about the  humanitarian situation  and the subsequent effects  due to the events  in the two states on  6/ 6 and 1/ 9 / 2011 respectively. The report also reviews in brief the humanitarian  interventions  by the government , national NGOs and the  international  partners  and the outcome of the these  interventions.   It is  to be noted that the  number of the affected populations  in the two states is far  less than those  affected in  Darfur crisis, this has facilitated  the intervention  and enabled  the government,  the National NGOs and the international partners  to  contain the humanitarian situation in  appropriate  manner . Due to this fact,   the aforementioned parties( government , NNGOs & international partners ) succeeded in  providing the humanitarian work facilities  and the  necessary requirements  within the framework of the government policy  and  National  NGOs  which reflects the (  UN  General Assembly resolution  no 45 / 183 ) .
  4. The federal government has provided ($ 9 million) to South Kordofan , ($5 million) to Blue Nile state , in addition to mobilization of the local communities ( official and popular ) to host the affected people within the said states  and the neighboring  states .  The result of the official , national and  popular  efforts  can be seen and  witnessed on the normalization of the situation  and  resolution of 90% of the displacement problem  in Blue Nile and 80%  in  South Kordofan .  Moreover, the coverage of the requirements of the returnees from the rebel groups areas and the Sudanese refugees from the neighboring countries is another material proof of the positive result of the official and popular efforts.
  5. Due to the above mentioned events, a national  mechanism  under the chairmanship of HAC federal  Commissioner General ( on the  federal and states levels)  has been formed  to  resolve  the  situation in the two states in collaboration and coordination with the government partners, national and  international NGOs  as well as the  UN agencies , the national mechanism has provided  all the necessary assistances  to the affected population in the two states.
  6. The provision of the necessary   humanitarian assistances in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states has been implemented in partnership and cooperation between HAC, Sudanese Red Crescent Society, national & International NGOs and  UN agencies  .
  7. Due to the development of the security and military situation the UN agencies and International NGOs interventions have been focused on the secure areas and their services have been provided through the national NGOs. The recent improvement in the security situation in South Kordofan state has resulted in enabling the international staffs from the UN agencies to return to the states as required.
  8. In partnership with the UN agencies and national organizations, line ministries, the Humanitarian Aid Commission conducted a Joint Rapid Assessment in South Kordofan state in Feb. The assessment covered 80% of the affected localities. It has concluded that the humanitarian situation gas been stable and good throughout the conflict period according to the humanitarian and health indicators.
  9. Based on the joint assessment results, a joint work plan for securing the needs of affected population in south Kordofan was developed to cover the needs up to the harvest. HAC and the WFP and UNHCR conducted a joint verification of the affected population needs led by joint teams. Following this FIs and NFIs have been provided.  
  10. The government and partners have secured the humanitarian needs in blue Nile state up to the end of the rainy season.
  11. As part of the partners’ efforts, Arab Leagues, African Union and the United Nations have developed a tripartite initiative to complement the government efforts in the provision of the humanitarian assistance in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. The government studied the proposed initiative and a meeting was held with the three partners as a result of which the two parties agreed on the nine principles which will guide the initiative.
  12. The Government of Sudan has welcomed and accepted the initiative based on these principles.       
  13. Developments and  events in the fields of the humanitarian work
  14. The government of the Sudan highly appreciates the contribution of the international community in supporting the efforts for improving the humanitarian situations and the provision of the assistances to the conflicts and natural disasters affected areas. Sudan government particularly values, and appreciates the role played by the UN agencies in humanitarian situations in South Kordofan in particular.
  15. Within its distinguished relations with the all sectors and international parties concern with the  humanitarian work the government  provided all the necessary facilities for the delivery of the humanitarian assistances and  provision of basic  services to the  affected people . The government is also keen to safeguard and preserve the safety of humanitarian workers especially the non- Sudanese.
  16. The government of the Sudan appreciates the stances of the international agencies that understand the discretion of the government in limiting the movements of the humanitarian workers in the conflict affected areas due to the security reasons and for the safety of the workers themselves.
  17. The government encourages the partnership between the international organizations and the official parties and civil society organizations for rendering of services and humanitarian assistances to the affected population. It specially encourages the partnership between the INGOs, NNGOs and local community structures that have good experiences in addressing and dealing with  the affected  and vulnerable groups .
  18. The government  covers all the humanitarian needs  in the  conflicts  and dispute  areas , but attributed to the  security complications  it thought  and deemed advisable  that the  assistances  are to be provided through the national institutions. In the meantime the government  has  no objection to  receive any  assistance from the international community  and its relevant parties  provided that such  assistances  are distributed by the  national institutions.

 

  1.  Affected Population and Assistances:  
  2. The Affected Population:

The government , the civil community  organizations  and other partners   carried  out the  surveys  necessary  for  provision of the required  assistance which resulted on the stability  of the humanitarian situation  pursuant to the health and nutrition indicators .

 

No

State

South Kordofan

Blue Nile

1

Total Affected people

270,710

485,829

2

Returnees

63,360

417,866

3

Current affected  people

 

207,350

67,928

  • Out of the 207,350 affected people in South Kordofan 107,410 of them have come from the rebel areas.
  • According to the UNHCR about 160,000 people took refuge in South Sudan.
  • 250,000  of the total people affected from Blue Nile state  (Damazeen and Roseries) fled to the  northern villages and to  the  Sinnar state at the beginning of the events  where they  were hosted and welcomed but they  returned  to their original places within ( 3-7 days) after the stability of the situation in their areas
  • About 33,000 people fled to the Ethiopia state, but about 23,000 of them returned to their villages after the improvement of the security conditions.
  • The time frame for the provision of the humanitarian assistances to the affected population varies from one place to another according to the security conditions, return and stability of the returnees in their original places.
  • Itworth mentioning that  local communities have played  significant role  in hosting , welcoming and providing assistances to the affected persons in the two states

            Surveys and Need Assessments:

In partnership with the UN agencies and national organizations, line ministries, the Humanitarian Aid Commission conducted a Joint Rapid Assessment in South Kordofan state in Feb. The assessment covered 80% of the affected localities. It has concluded that the humanitarian situation is stable and good throughout the conflict period according to the following humanitarian and health indicators:

  • The Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rate among children below 5 is 4.4% while the normal rate is 15%.
  •  The Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) rate has been 0.7% while the normal rate is 2%.
  • 13.1% of the children are malnourished and need supplementary and therapeutic feeding
  • No outbreak of any epidemic disease.
  • No records of abnormal death.
  • The food security situation indicates the availability of food.
  • There has been low production in the last harvest and this requires intervention in the dry season.
  • Based on the joint assessment results, a joint work plan for securing the needs of affected population in south Kordofan was developed by the government and the UN agencies ( WFP and UNHCR) and a joint verification of the affected population needs led by joint teams, accordingly FIs and NFIs have been provided to cover the period to the harvest.
  • Several joint assessments have been conducted by the government and the partners, UN agencies and national NGOs. .
  • All agencies participated in the administration of the humanitarian operations according to a join mechanism concerns with the study of the humanitarian situation and provision of the   humanitarian assistances. These joint mechanisms hold its periodical meetings headed by HAC.
  • UNICEF was  permitted  to  provide the assistance to the  children and women through the UNAMIS in ( Kauda and Julud  areas) .

B) Humanitarian Assistances:

Based on the surveys mentioned in this report ,the government and in collaboration with  the national and  international partners have delivered the humanitarian assistances including  food and non food items to the  needy people . The support and assistances are still ongoing as follows:.

  1. South Kordofan

The role and contribution of the government local & National Institutions:

 

Institution

 Food Items(MT)

Seeds(MT)

Non  food  items (Per Family)

HAC

12,961

 

1785

Conveys by States and Civil Society  organizations

2,148

13

365   

Local Communities

69

 

9212

Sudanese  Red Crescent

====

 

6755

Ministry of Agriculture

 

360

 

Total

15,178

373

18,117

 

The Role and Contribution of the UN Agencies , International and Regional Organizations, and INGOs

 

Institution

  Food items(MT) 

Seeds(MT)

Non food items (Family)

 WFP

 14,544

SC Sweden

16

 

5000

UNJLC

 

6220

Japanese  volunteers center

 6

12

CARE Swiss

 

1200

UNICEF

140

1639

Direct Aid

25

Concern

9

165

Qatar Charity

12

HAI

5

IIRW

10

IOM

3200

UNHCR

36000

NCA

1500

FAO

56

JICA

87

Total

14,767

155

54,915

The Arab League contributed with $1,200,000 for hum assistance and early recovery.  

Water and  Sanitation:

 

No

Institution

Contribution

1

WES

352 pumps, 46 water stations

2

 UNICEF

372 pumps, & 782 latrines

3

IOM

421 pumps , *365 latrines , 7 water stations

4

NCA

17 pumps 3water stations

5

Welfare and Reform Org

4 water stations

 

Health Services:

 

No

Institution

Contribution

1

UNICEF

$ 1,200,000 (health Equip+ Material+11 vehicles)

$1,000,000 Medicines

2

WHO

$1,100,000 (medicine and equips)

3

SCs

SDG 350,000 health facilities rehab+ medicines

4

CIS

6 SF centre

5

UNFPA

$750,000 MCH services

 

Blue Nile:

Humanitarian Assistances:  

The role and contribution of the government local & National Institutions:

 

 

Institution

 Food supplies(MT)

NFIs(Family)

Seeds (MT)

HAC

6693

800 

 

Conveys by States and CSOs

1380

3620

 

Local Communities

52

=

 

Sudanese  Red Crescent

====

8600

 

Min of Agriculture

150

Welfare and Reform Org

76

 

 

Total

8201

13,020

150

                 

    The Role and Contribution of the UN Agencies , International and Regional Organizations, and INGOs

 

No

Institution

Food items (MT)

Non food items

Seeds

1

UNICEF

50

2750 

 

2

ICRC

3000

 

3

FAO

 

 

190

4

JICA

 

 

84

Total

50

5750 

274

 

The Arab League contributed with $800,000 for hum assistance and early recovery. 

Health and WASH:

 

No

 Institution

Contribution

1

WHO

$ 136,000 (health+ materials)+36 pumps

2

UNFPA

$152,481( RH material)

3

UNICEF

$314,561 (health facilities ,MCH)+

4

Welfare and Reform

$40,000 water station

5

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